Just as Classical Realism suggests that we should not overly emphasize scientific methods in our rationale, we should not over-indulge in human nature’s passion for power to explain the events of international relations. As an oil-rich nation in one of the most oil-rich areas of the world, Kuwait has always been a nation capable of generating a huge amount of money relative to its size. In a world of International Relations theory dominated by discussions of globalisation, interconnection, capitalism, … The Kuwaiti welfare system is based on a simple principle, that the fruits and assets of a nation should be shared equally among its citizens. For a detailed study of IR theories, the following sources and scholars are recommended: Burchill S., Linklater A., Devetak R., Donnelly J., Paterson M., Reus-Smit C. and True J., Theories of International Relations, Third edition, 2005, Palgrave Macmillan; E.H. Carr, The Twenty Years’ Crisis 1919-1939. According to him, the main theories of conventional international relations, whether it be system theory or Marxist theory, are mainly theories. Is Public Administration a Science or Art? While some do indeed strive to carry out their stated mission and serve the people they claim to represent, some other are merely mafia groups with a political cover, which deal in various traffics and racketeering. Hungary was bashed this year, along with the rest of EU low-performers, for dropping sharply in the EU’s good governance ranking, as reported by Nicolaj Nielsen, for the EU observer (3): “Bulgaria scored the worst among EU states with 41, followed by Greece (44), Italy (47), Romania (48), Hungary (48), and Croatia (49). The drought in turn arises from climate change and the El Nino effect. According to him, idealists are more influenced by dreams neither than thought, nor by standardization than observation. That’s in theory: in practice, a handful of states in the world behave like mafias, and get away with it. That means the state always desire more power to sustain their security. For example, Waltz considers only capability as attribute of states. There are six dams that supply water to the city and are currently 25.8 per cent full. The city of Cape Town in South Africa serves as the most recent of those examples, and the crisis in the city bodes an ultimatum like never before to other thriving cities on the planet: mend your ways or follow suit. Finally, there is the fact that the Kuwaiti pension fund pays out very generously. From the normative point of view, realism has the weakness of being sterile. It is better to adopt such policies as would enable one to survive and live to fight another day”. An analysis on International Relations theory has proven that realism for a fact has some weaknesses but still I root for the theory for bringing awareness and understanding of the time we live in and also the concept of realism has being relevance in the understanding of the society and the world at large, giving an idea of how to deal with situations at hand. Indian writer Chanakya’s ‘Arthashastra’ is a great example for discussion the principles of statecraft, written in Sanskrit which means ‘the Science of Material Gain’ or ‘Science of Polity’. So, in the best cases, neighboring countries let it be; in the worst cases, they get involved in the graft. As a consequence, realism must be an essential part of the pluralistic discipline of IR but not the only one. Realism and Liberalism 1. E.H Carr and Hans J. Morgenthau are the inventors of classical realism in international relations. Realism is a school of thought in international relations which theorizes international politics and relations. 3) https://euobserver.com/political/136664 For example, sovereignty is based not only on a states’s capability (power) but mainly on the recognition of its right to exist. Marxism. It considers the real, harsh world conditions and tries to mold policy under those circumstances without trying to change them. The concept of relativity that realists like to use so much takes away any ground for meaningful action: if our thought is conditioned by our status or interest, then both thought and action become purposeless and non authentic. Not to forget that States are not all mutually recognized and accepted, some of them are self-proclaimed. The forms and nature of state power will vary in time, place and context but the concept of interest remains consistent. According to him, the main goal of the king in terms of policy would be to increase the power of the state, to expand the empire, and to destroy the enemy. Marxism is also a theory in international relations based on the same economic theory that emerged from the works of Karl Marx. LIBERALISM REALISM (January 27, 2013) NAME: Cornelius Susanto. The ideals that these thinkers say, such as the end of the war through collective security, the management of foreign policy through the consent of the people instead of diplomacy, are all but attempts to protect the interests of the winning group. “One should neither submit spinelessly nor sacrifice oneself in foolhardy valor. is Political Science a Science? Theme “Major International Relations Theories” Lecture 1. In this move, the argument that human nature is power-seeking is replaced by the assumption that the state is rational. Nevertheless, even conflicts are put under value/ethical considerations based on power distribution. He believes that the science of international relations will be made through the tradition of real-life events and by the proper application of meaningful law. The principle of self-determination created new weak states, and their survival was not a consequence of their power but of the internationally shared value of the right to exist. He also thinks that in the case of inconsistent politics, the powerful groups themselves talk about maintaining peace and domination, just as the governing groups maintain peace, just as in the international field, the powerful states talk about maintaining peace. Therefore, it is used instrumentally by the stronger. The Colombian FARCs – Polisario’s allies, incidentally… – and the Medellin Cartel, run by Pablo Escobar, had an intense PR activity with many “social and humanitarian” poses, to help improve their public image and stymie political push-backs. Realism’s roots are often said to be found in some of humankind’s earliest historical writings, particularly Thucydides’ history of the Peloponnesian War, which raged between 431 and 404 BCE. In exploring the cause of this war, he shows how Athens’s ability to grow and the lack of a sense of Spartan security led to a totalitarian movement throughout Greece. To offensive realist Mearsheimer, the ultimate goal of a state is to establish a hegemonic position in the international system. Surprisingly though classical realism was not sensationalized in the international relations arena until World War II despite its existence in fifth-century Athens. From the above discussion we can say that the entire realist focuses on the three key areas which also can be considered as three basic assumption of realism theory in international relations. Secondly, realism fails to understand the importance of norms and institutions on global level. 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